CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
View larger image       Image note

Jazz (Now) In Italy

CD (Item 41145) Schema/Rearward (Italy), 1966 — Condition: New Copy
Out Of Stock


4.80 5

Sublime work from saxophonist Eraldo Volonte – a rare mid 60s session recorded in Italy, and totally hip work all the way through! Volonte's got a tone here that's really tremendous – clearly Coltrane-influenced, especially on the tenor selections – but also stretching out with its own feeling too, especially on some of the album's more outside numbers, which feature Eraldo playing some great lines on soprano sax. There's a very open quality to the record – not exactly free jazz, but almost a "new thing" sense of sonic exploration – one that has Volonte's tenor and soprano sax aligned nicely with trombone from Dino Piana, piano from Franco D'Andrea, bass from Giovanni Tommaso, and drums from Franco Tonani. Titles include "Flamingo", "Mr Arpo", "Eclypso", "Tale", "Explorable", and "Ornette".  © 1996-2015, Dusty Groove, Inc.

We realize that there are many different interpretations of the standard grades used for pre-owned vinyl record albums & CD, so we thought we'd offer you the ones that we are working with, so you have an idea what we mean when we give the grade for a non-new item on our pages.

Used Vinyl Grades

Below are stated conditions for a used vinyl records at Dusty Groove. Grading for the cover should be assumed to be near (within a "+" or "-") the grading for the vinyl. If there is significant divergence from the condition of the vinyl, or specific flaws, these will be noted in the comments section of the item. However, please be aware that since the emphasis of this site is towards the music listener, our main concern is with the vinyl of any used item we sell. Additionally, please note that all of our records are graded visually; considering the volume of used vinyl we handle, it is impossible for us to listen to each record. If we spot any significant flaws, we make every attempt to listen through them and note how they play.

The following grading conditions apply to the vinyl component of an album or single:


This is what it says, that the record is still held fast in shrink-wrap. We tend to be pretty suspicious about these things, so if the shrink-wrap doesn't look original, or if the record seems to have undergone some damage over time, we'll probably take it out of the wrapper to ensure that it's in good shape — which is why we don't have more of these. In some cases the shrink-wrap may be torn in spots, but if it's not possible the record has been taken out and played, the record will still qualify as "Sealed".

Near Mint

As a rule, Dusty Groove does not use the grades of Near Mint (or Mint, for that matter) because in our experience, we find that no records ever qualify for such a high grade. Even sealed records tend to have one or two slight faults, enough to usually qualify them for a grade of NM- or lower. We've often found that records which are clearly unplayed will have a slight amount of surface noise, especially in quieter recordings.

Near Mint - (minus)

  • Black vinyl that may show a slight amount of dust or dirt.
  • Should still be very shiny under a light, even with slight amount of dust on surface.
  • One or two small marks that would make an otherwise near perfect record slightly less so. These marks cannot be too deep, and should only be surface marks that won't affect play, but might detract from the looks.
  • May have some flaws and discoloration in the vinyl, but only those that would be intrinsic to the pressing. These should disappear when the record is tilted under the light, and will only show up when looking straight at the record. (Buddah and ABC pressings from the 70's are a good example of this.)
  • May have some slight marks from aging of the paper sleeve on the vinyl.
  • Possible minor surface noise when played.

Very Good + (plus)

  • Vinyl should be very clean, but can have less luster than near mint.
  • Should still shine under a light, but one or two marks may show up when tilted.
  • Can have a few small marks that may show up easily, but which do not affect play at all. Most marks of this quality will disappear when the record is tilted, and will not be felt with the back of a fingernail.
  • This is the kind of record that will play "near mint", but which will have some signs of use (although not major ones).
  • May have slight surface noise when played.

Very Good

  • Vinyl can have some dirt, but nothing major.
  • May not shine under light, but should still be pretty clean, and not too dirty.
  • May have a number of marks (5 to 10 at most), and obvious signs of play, but never a big cluster of them, or any major mark that would be very deep. Most marks should still not click under a fingernail.
  • May not look near perfect, but should play fairly well, with slight surface noise, and the occasional click in part of a song, but never throughout a whole song or more.
  • This is clearly a copy that was played by someone a number of times, but which could also be a good "play copy" for someone new.

Very Good - (minus)

  • Vinyl may be dirty, and can lack a fair amount of luster.
  • Vinyl can have a number of marks, either in clusters or smaller amounts, but deeper.
  • This is the kind of record that you'd buy to play, but not because it looked that great. Still, the flaws should be mostly cosmetic, with nothing too deep that would ruin the overall record.
  • Examples include a record that has been kept for a while in a cover without the paper sleeve, or heavily played by a previous owner and has some marks across the surface. The record should play okay, though probably with surface noise.

Good + (plus)

  • Vinyl may be dirty, or have one outstanding flaw, such as a light residue, which could be difficult to clean.
  • May have marks on all parts, too many to qualify as Very Good-, or several deeper marks, but the record should still be ok for play without skips.
  • In general, this is a record that was played a fair amount, and handled without care. A typical example may be a record which has been heavily played by a DJ, and carries marks from slip cueing. Depending on the quality of the vinyl, may play with surface noise throughout.


  • A record that you'd buy to play, cheap, but which you wouldn't buy for collecting.
  • Will have marks across all parts of the playing surface, and will most likely play with surface noise throughout. May have some other significant flaws, such as residue, or a track that skips.
  • In most cases, a poor quality copy of a very difficult to find record.


This is a grade we rarely use, as we try not to sell records in very bad condition, though in some rare cases we will list a record in such bad shape that it does not conform to the standards above. A "Fair" record will have enough marks or significant flaws that it does not even qualify as "Good", but is a copy you might consider for playing, if you're willing to put up with noise and/or flaws. An example might be a recording with surface noise so heavy that it is equal to the volume of the music. For records listed as "Fair", we will describe the extent of the condition in the comments.


Like "Fair", we rarely list records in this condition, as they represent the extreme low end of spectrum. These records typically have multiple serious problems, and we offer them as "relics" or "objects" only — for those who want to at least have a copy of a record, even if it is not really worthy of play, perhaps for the cover alone. For these records, we will describe the extent of the condition in the comments.

Additional Marks & Notes

If something is noteworthy, we try to note it in the comments — especially if it is an oddity that is the only wrong thing about the record. This might include, but isn't limited to, warped records, tracks that skip, cover damage or wear as noted above, or strictly cosmetic flaws.

Used CD Grade

We have only one grade for non-new CDs at Dusty Groove — "Used CD". This grade is somewhat all-encompassing, but we choose it because we try to offer Used CDs in the best shape possible. All of our Used CDs are guaranteed to play without skipping or flaws. If you purchase a Used CD from Dusty Groove, you have 1 week to play it to determine that it plays correctly — and if it does not, then you may return it for a full refund.

With our Used CDs, you can expect the disc to be free of all but the lightest of surface marks — clean, and not dirty at all. You can also expect the case to be clean (we often change the cases ourselves — putting fresh cases on Used CDs we handle) — and you can expect the booklet to be in good shape, unless noted otherwise. We will list any specific details/defects underneath the item — so look for notes on cutout marks in the case, stamps on the barcode, or details like that.

You might be interested in

CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
Groove Island
Schema (Italy), 2015. New Copy
An island of groove from reedman Alessandro Scala – a player who mostly leads a core trio on the set, but also gets help on half the record from trumpeter Flavio Boltro! We're well-known for our love of Boltro – so we'll just take that as a given – and instead focus on the tight ... CD
CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
Schema/Rearward (Italy), 2015. New Copy
A wonderfully sensitive record from Italian piano legend Guido Manusardi – a record that still has a swing at all the right moments, but which also has these darker currents we especially love! The trio here really seems to follow Guido's lead – and sometimes the pianist is working ... CD
CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
Vogue/Rearward (Italy), 1968. New Copy
A legendary album from saxophonist Sahib Shihab – a record that's gone onto become the birth of all things modal and club jazz in the current scene! Shihab always sounded great, no matter what the setting, but there was definitely something magical going on with this session – a one-of- ... CD
CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
Hi Hat (UK), 1969. New Copy 2 CDs
Art Blakey with a very hip group – and an under-recorded one as well – a version of the Jazz Messengers with the great Woody Shaw on trumpet, plus Carlos Garnett on tenor, George Cables on piano, and Scotty Holt on bass! The performance is a well-recorded date, done for FM radio at the ... CD
CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
Standards (with bonus DVD)
Kind Of Blue/Vertical Jazz (Italy), 2001. New Copy CD & DVD
Three giants from the years of 70s fusion – coming together here in an all-acoustic set! The look and title of the record is similar to a mode that ECM used years ago – when bringing its more contemporary artists into an old school style – and that format fits perfectly here for ... CD
CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
GAD (Poland), Late 50s/1960s/Early 70s. New Copy
One of the coolest Polish jazz musicians ever – the great vibist Jerzy Milian – honored here in a beautiful tribute to his 80 years on this planet! As the title implies, the music is from a large span of Milian's career – but most cuts are from his crucial stretch from the late ... CD
CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
ECM (Germany), 2015. New Copy
Keith Jarrett in his best old school mode – peforming solo piano improvisations, at a level that takes us back to his groundbreaking Koln Concert album of the 70s! The material here is from a recent Jarrett tour – one of the first in many years in the improvisational mode (and maybe ... CD
CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
Resonance, Late 40s/1950s. New Copy 2 CDs
An incredible look at the very young Wes Montgomery – rare early recordings done before his breakthrough material for the Riverside label in the late 50s – but already showing Wes as one of the freshest talents of his generation on guitar! The bulk of the material features Montgomery ... CD
CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
Polskie Nagrania/GAD (Poland), 1969. New Copy
An incredible record from Jerzy Milian – easily one of the hippest vibes players in Europe in the 60s, and a key member of the Polish jazz scene that also included Krzystof Komeda and Tomasz Stanko! The album's an extremely evocative session that features Milian's vibes and marimba mostly in ... CD
CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
Dedication Of Love
Phinal Sound/Jazzman (UK), 1976. New Copy
A totally wonderful lost later gem from Bobby Moore & The Rhythm Aces – that great southern group who cooked up so many wonderful records for Chess in the 60s – then seemingly dropped of the scene in the 70s! Bobby and group didn't drop off – Chess dropped them – but ... CD
CD, LP, Vinyl record album cover art
GDM (Italy), 1974. New Copy 2CD
A surprisingly great Morricone soundtrack – written for Pasolini's film of Arabian Nights, and scored with an equally dark edge! The feel of the music is incredibly somber – with spare organ passages that rumble with dark bass-y notes and push sound off into space, next to moodier ... CD

⇑ Top